Author: Bried Collins
Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art. In photography this is achieved by placing physical objects to form a scene or moving to capture the best angle. There are several guidelines to follow to help improve your composition.
Our eyes are unconsciously drawn to lines in an image. You can put various focus points along the line or you can put one main focus point at the end of the line. Similarly, you can use shapes, for example, by placing a focal point at each point of a triangle.
If your image is in danger of losing impact because of busy or distracting background, then crop it tight around your main point of focus.
Incorporating patterns into your photographs is always a good way to creating a pleasing composition. Patterns suggest symmetry and are visually attractive. Textures can also be very pleasing on the eye.
This is not an exhaustive list and it would be impossible to have all of these guidelines on your mind every time you go out with your camera. A good exercise to begin with would be to think of one or two each time you go out to shoot then after a while you will find that they become ingrained and you are using them instinctively.